ToxoplasmosisThe most frequent cause of infectious inflammatory reaction within the eye is toxoplasmosis. The infection is transmitted to the fetus in utero with predilection to the central nervous system and the retina. The organisms lie dormant in an encysted form but are prone to become active at a later time in life. The resulting inflammation within the eye is usually quite intense. Antibiotic therapy is employed for resolution of the infectious process.